Changing Implicit Bias May Not Change Behavior
Do you assume that changing implicit bias ultimately changes behavior? If so, you may want to reconsider. A recent meta-analysis of research papers about implicit bias did not find a casual relationship between the two.
What is implicit bias?
“All the little ways in which our everyday thinking about social stuff is unconscious or uncontrollable,” says Calvin Lai, assistant professor of psychology at Washington University in St. Louis, “The stuff that we don’t realize is influencing us when we make decisions.”
Lai and Patrick Forscher, of the University of Arkansas, reviewed of 492 studies, which included more than 87,000 participants.
Calvin and Forscher found studies that suggested biases can change, although, not dramatically. After digging deeper into their research and looking at 63 studies that heavily considered a link between changes in behavior and change in biases, they did not find any evidence of a causal relationship between the two.
“We definitely didn’t expect this,” Lai says. “And it challenges assumptions about the relationship between implicit bias and behavior.”
Calvin suggested four possible reasons for this outcome:
- Measurement errors
- Measured too narrow of a bias
- No causal relationship
Lai also acknowledges that the study was limited by the available literature, was heavily skewed towards university students and included short interventions and assessments.
Instead of changing implicit biases, Lai suggests ending societal aspects or features that cause people to act in a biased nature in order to change behavior. For example, if your coaching client is trying find better work/life balance but has a bias to work from anywhere at any time, you could suggest that they set an alarm to leave the office by a specific time every day, remove their work email from their phone, or even block colleagues’ numbers from contacting them after work hours.
“Equip people with strategies to resist the environment’s biasing influence,” Lai says.
So, how can you help equip your coaching clients to avoid biasing behavior? Share in the comments.